b'Domain KSA Expected Standards AssessmentINVESTIGATIONS CONTINUED.Explains the indications for and interpretation of clinical laboratory data including:PA_C_15 6 S HaematologyMCAIBiochemistry: Urea and electrolytes; liver function; thyroid function Arterial blood gases/acid-base balanceIdentifies normal appearances and significant abnormalities in radiographs including:PA_C_16 6,8 S Chest X-rays DOPSTrauma filmscervical spine, chest, pelvis, long bonesHead CT showing clear abnormalitiesPA_C_17 4,6 S Recognises the need for additional work-ups and acts accordingly MCAISPECIFIC ANAESTHETIC EVALUATIONDescribes ASA status and implications for anaesthesia PA_C_18 6,8 K,S Knows how to assign ASA status to a patient MCAIExplains how emergency and elective surgery differ in terms ofphysiology, psychology and preparationUses functional and risk scoring system systems such as NCEPOD*,STOP BANG, P-POSSUM, Duke Activity Score, Revised cardiac index, FCAIPA_C_19 6,8 S,K or other relevant tools to quantify patient risk and inform consent and peri-operative management* National confidential enquiry into patient outcome and deathPERI-OPERATIVE PLANNINGThe candidate will demonstrate the ability:to establish a problem list to judge whether the patient is fit for and optimally prepared for the proposed interventionPA_C_20to manage co-existing medicines in the perioperative period SALUS 1,2,5 K,S,A to plan anaesthesia and postoperative care for common surgical Mini-CEXprocedures to recognise their limitations and reliably determine the level ofsupervision they will needto explain options and risks of routine anaesthesia to patients, in a way they understand, and obtain their consent for anaesthesiaPA_C_21Identifies the principles of consent for surgery and anaesthesia, including SALUS 1,6 K the issue of competence MCAIOutlines the particular importance of considering the patients level of PA_C_22understanding and mental state [and also that of the parents, relatives SALUS 1,2 K,S or carers when appropriate] and how this may impair their capacity forMCAIconsentPresents all information to patients [and carers] in a format theyPA_C_23 2,3 Sunderstand, checking understanding and allowing time for reflection onMini-CEXthe decision to give consentPA_C_24 2,3 KDescribes how consent is a process that may culminate in, but is not MCAIlimited to, the completion of a consent formDescribes the Surgical Care pathwaysDemonstrates knowledge of:PA_C_25 2,3 KEnhanced recovery programmes FCAIRole of prehabilitationRole of nutrition on outcomes40 Curriculum for the National Specialist Anaesthesiology Training Programme'